English Vocabulary-Industry

 

NOUNS

 

assembly line

an arrangement of workers and machines in a factory where a product passes from one worker to another until it is finished

banking

the business activity of banks and similar institutions

call center

an office where people work answering or making telephone calls for a company

catering

the activity or business of providing food for people; a catering business

clothing industry

an industry that makes and sells clothes

construction

the business of building things such as houses, roads, and bridges

engineering

the business of designing and constructing machines or structures such as roads and bridges

export

a product that one country sells to another country

factory

a large building where people use machines to make goods

farming

the business of growing crops or raising animals on a farm

film industry

an industry that produces and sells films

fishing

the business of catching fish

forestry

the science of growing trees in forests

goods

things that you can buy or sell

heavy industry

industry that uses large machines to produce raw materials or to make large objects

hospitality industry

an industry that provides food, drink, and entertainment

import

a product bought from another country for use in your own country

industrial sector

the part of a country’s economy that produces things from raw materials

industry

1 the work of making things in factories; Industry is growing.

2 all the people and activities involved in making a particular product or providing a particular service;

insurance industry

an industry that provides insurance (=money given to someone if something bad happens to them, in return for regular payments)

invention

1 something that someone has invented; a new invention

2 an occasion when something is invented; the invention of the telephone

leisure industry

an industry that provides activities for people to do when they are not working

light industry

industry in which only small items are made, for example household goods and clothes

machinery

large pieces of electrical equipment that do a particular job

manufacturer

a company that makes large amounts of things

manufacturing

the business of making things in factories

mass production

the production of something in large quantities, usually using machinery

mining

the business of getting valuable substances such as coal and gold from the ground; coal mining

oil drilling

the business of getting oil by making deep holes in the ground

output

the amount that a person or a thing produces

plant

1 a factory; a clothes manufacturing plant

2 a place where power is produced; a nuclear power plant

private sector

the part of a country’s economy that the government does not control or own

processing

the business of preparing raw materials before they are sold

product

something that you make or grow in order to sell it

production

1 the process of making or growing something in large amounts; the production of oil

2 the quantity of goods that you make or grow; the volume of production

production line

the part of a country’s economy that the government controls or gives money to

raw materials

substances that have not been processed

research and development
the activity of improving products and making new products

retailing

the activity of selling goods directly to the public

service

something that the public needs, such as transportation, hospitals, or energy supplies

service sector

the part of a country’s economy that provide services

shipping

the business of transporting goods, especially by ship; the international shipping industry

supplier

a company that sells something such as goods or equipment to customers

textile industry

an industry that makes cloth

tourism

the business of providing hotels, restaurants, and activities for people who are on vacation

trade

the activity of buying and selling goods

transportation

the activity of taking goods or people somewhere in a vehicle

VERBS

assemble

to fit the different parts of something together

deliver

to take something to a particular place

export

to sell products to another country

import

to buy goods from another country for use in your own country