English Vocabulary | Law dictionary

English vocabulary dictionary

The List of Low english vocabulary with meaning 

NOUNS

accident

[æksɪdənt]

an occasion when something bad happens to a person by chance, sometimes causing injury or death

assault

[əsɔlt]

a physical attack on a person

attorney

[ətɜrni]

mainly in the U.S., a lawyer

burglar

[bɜrglər]

someone who enters a building by force in order to steal things

burglary

[bɜrgləri]

the crime of entering a building by force and stealing things charge [tʃɑrdʒ] a formal accusation that someone has committed a crime

corpse

[kɔrps]

a dead body

court

[kɔrt]

1 a place where a judge and a jury decide if someone has done something wrong

2 (BRIT) see courthouse

courthouse

[kɔrthaʊs]

the building in which a court of law meets (In British English, usecourt)

crime

[kraɪm]

an illegal act; commit a crime

criminal

[krɪmɪnəl]

someone who does something illegal

drug

[drʌg]

a type of illegal substance that some people take because they enjoy its effects drug

dealer

[drʌg dilər]

someone who sells illegal drugs

evidence

[εvɪdəns]

information that is used in a court in order to try to show that something really happened

fault

[fɔlt]

if something bad is your fault, you made it happen

fine

[faɪn]

money that someone has to pay because they have done something wrong; pay a fine

fraud

[frɔd]

the crime of getting money by not telling the truth

**english vocabulary animal world**

gang

[gæŋ]

an organized group of criminals

gun

[gʌn]

a weapon that shoots bullets

homicide

[hɒmɪsaɪd, hoʊmɪ-]

the crime of deliberately killing a person

hostage

[hɒstɪdʒ]

someone who is kept as a prisoner by someone who refuses to let them go until they get what they want

identity

[aɪdεntɪti]

who you are

jail

[dʒeɪl]

same as prison

judge

[dʒʌdʒ]

the person in a court who decides how criminals should be punished

jury

[dʒʊəri]

the group of people in a court who listen to the facts about a crime and decide if a person is guilty or not

law

[lɔ]

1 a system of rules that a society or government develops to deal with things like crime; break the law

2 one of the rules in a system of law; a new law

lawyer

[lɔɪər, lɔyər]

someone whose job is to advise people about the law and to represent them in court

murder

[mɜrdər]

the crime of deliberately killing a person

murderer

[mɜrdərər]

someone who deliberately kills a person

passport

[pæspɔrt]

an official document that you have to show when you enter or leave a country

police

[pəlis]

1 the organization that is responsible for making sure that people obey the law

2 men and women who are members of the police

police officer

[pəlis ɔfɪsər]

a member of the police force

police station

[pəlis steɪʃən]

the local office of a police force in a particular area

prison

[prɪzən]

a building where criminals are kept as punishment; send someone to prison

prisoner

[prɪzənər]

someone who is in prison

proof

[pruf]

something that shows that something else is true

reward

[rɪwɔrd]

something that someone gives you because you have done something good

robbery

[rɒbəri]

the crime of stealing money or property from a place

sentence

[sεntəns]

the punishment that a person receives in a law court

shoplifter

[ʃɒplɪftər]

someone who steals money from a store

spy

[spaɪ]

someone whose job is to find out secret information about another country or organization

statement

[steɪtmənt]

something that you say or write that gives information in a formal
way; make a statement

suspect

[sʌspεkt]

someone who the police think may be guilty of a crime

terrorism

[tεrərɪzəm]

the use of violence to force a government to do something terrorist [tεrərɪst] someone who uses violence to achieve their aims

theft

[θεft]

the crime of stealing thief (PL)thieves [θif] [θivz] someone who steals something from another person

trial

[traɪəl]

a formal meeting in a court, at which people decide whether someone is guilty of a crime

vandal

[vændəl]

someone who deliberately damages property

victim

[vɪktəm]

someone who has been hurt or killed

will

[wɪl]

a legal document that says who will receive someone’s money when they die

witness

[wɪtnɪs]

someone who appears in a court to say what they know about a crime or other event VERBS

arrest

[ərεst]

to take someone to a police station, because they may have broken the law

assault

[əsɔlt]

to attack a person physically break the law to do something illegal

burglarize

[bɜrgləraɪz]

to enter a building by force and steal things (In British English, use burgle) burgle (BRIT) see burglarize

charge

[tʃɑrdʒ] to formally tell someone that they have done something wrong

commit

[kəmɪt]

to do something illegal; commit a crime; commit murder

confess

[kənfεs]

to admit that you have done something wrong

convict

[kənvɪkt]

to find someone guilty of a crime in a court

escape

[Iskeɪp]

to manage to get away from a place; escape from prison

fine

[faɪn]

to order someone to pay a sum of money because they have done something illegal

forge

[fɔrdʒ]

to make illegal copies of paper money, a document, or a painting in order to cheat people hold something up to point a gun at someone in a place such as a bank or a shop, in order to get their money; hold up a bank

kidnap

[kɪdnæp]

to take someone away by force and keep them as a prisoner, often until their friends or family pay a ransom (= a large amount of money)

mug

[mʌg]

to attack someone and steal their money

murder

[mɜrdər]

to kill someone deliberately

prove

[pruv]

to show that something is true

rape

[reɪp]

to force someone to have sex when they do not want to

rob

[rɒb]

to steal money or property from someone

sentence

[sεntəns]

to say in court what a person’s punishment will be

solve

[sɒlv]

to find out who committed a crime; solve a crime

steal

[stil]

to take something from someone without their permission

suspect

[səspεkt]

to believe that someone probably did something wrong

vandalize

[vændəlaɪz]

to damage something on purpose

witness

[wɪtnɪs]

to see something happen

ADJECTIVES

criminal

[krɪmɪnəl]

connected with a crime; criminal charges

guilty

[gɪlti]

having committed a crime or an offense

illegal

[ɪlɪgəl]

not allowed by law

innocent

[ɪnəsənt]

not guilty of a crime

legal

[lɪgəl]

1 used for describing things that relate to the law; the legal system 2 allowed by law

violent

[vaɪələnt]

using physical force to hurt or kill other people