English Vocabulary|Materials

learn english vocabulary

The list of english vocabulary of materials name with meaning.

NOUNS

acrylic

[ækrɪlɪk]

a soft artificial material that feels like wool aluminium (BRIT) see aluminum

aluminum

[əlumɪnəm]

a light metal used for making things such as cooking equipment and cans for food and drink (In British English, use aluminium)

brass

[bræs]

a yellow-colored metal

brick

[brɪk]

a rectangular block used in the building of walls; a brick wall

bronze

[brɒnz]

a yellowish-brown metal that is a mixture of copper and tin

canvas

[kænvəs] a strong, heavy material that is used for making tents and bags cardboard [kɑrdbɔrd] thick, stiff paper that is used for making boxes; a cardboard box

cement

[sɪmεnt]

a gray powder that is mixed with sand and water in order to make concrete

learn english vocabulary**Art and Photography**

hina

[tʃaɪnə]

a hard white substance that is used for making expensive cups and plates

clay

[kleɪ]

a type of earth that is soft when it is wet and hard when it is dry. Clay is used for making things such as pots and bricks; a clay pot

coal

[koʊl]

a hard black substance that comes from under the ground and is burned to give heat

concrete

[kɒŋkrit]

a hard substance made by mixing cement with sand and water. Concrete is used for building.

copper

[kɒpər]

a soft reddish-brown metal

cotton

[kɒtən]

cloth or thread that is made from the soft fibers of a plant called a cotton plant

crystal

[krɪstəl]

1 a small, hard piece of a natural substance; ice crystals 2 a clear rock used in jewelry; a crystal necklace 3 high-quality glass; a crystal vase

denim

[dεnɪm]

a thick cotton cloth, usually blue, that is used for making clothes; a denim jacket

elastic

[ɪlæstɪk]

a rubber material that stretches when you pull it, and then returns to its original size and shape

fabric

[fæbrɪk]

cloth that you use for making things like clothes and bags

fur

[fɜr]

the thick hair that grows on the bodies of many animals; a fur coat

glass

[glæs]

a hard, transparent substance that is used for making things such as windows and bottles

glue [glu]

a sticky substance that is used for joining things together

gold

[goʊld]

a valuable, yellow-colored metal that is used for making jewelry, ornaments, and coins

iron

[aɪərn]

a hard, dark gray metal; an iron gate

lace

[leɪs]

a delicate cloth with a design made of fine threads; lace curtains

lead

[lεd]

a soft, gray, heavy metal; a lead pipe

leather

[lεðər]

animal skin that is used for making shoes, clothes, bags, and furniture

linen

[lɪnɪn]

a type of strong cloth

liquid

[lɪkwɪd]

a substance, for example water or oil, that flows and can be poured

marble

[mɑrbəl]

a type of very hard rock that people use to make parts of buildings or statues (= models of people)

material

[mətɪərɪəl]

1 any solid substance 2 cloth 3 the things that you need for a particular activity; building materials

metal

[mεtəl]

a hard, usually shiny substance such as iron, steel, or gold

nylon

[naɪlɒn]

a strong, artificial substance that is used for making cloth and plastic

paper

[peɪpər]

a material that you write on or wrap things with; a piece of paper

plaster

[plæstər]

a substance that is used for making a smooth surface on the inside of walls and ceilings

plastic

[plæstɪk]

a light but strong material that is produced by a chemical process; a plastic bag

pottery

[pɒtəri]

pots, dishes, and other objects made from clay

rubber

[rʌbər]

a strong substance that is used for making tires, boots, and other products

satin

[sætən]

a smooth, shiny cloth that is made of silk or other materials

silk

[sɪlk]

a smooth, shiny cloth that is made
from very thin threads from an insect called a silkworm

silver

[sɪlvər]

a valuable pale gray metal that is used for making jewelry

steel

[stil]

a very strong metal that is made mainly from iron

stone

[stoʊn]

1 a hard solid substance that is found in the ground and is often used for building; a stone wall

2 a piece of beautiful and valuable rock that is used in making jewelry; a precious stone

straw

[strɔ]

the dried, yellow stems of crops; a straw hat

string

[strɪŋ]

very thin rope that is made of twisted threads

textile

[tεkstaɪl]

any type of cloth thread [θrεd] a long, very thin piece of cotton, nylon, or silk that you use for sewing

timber

[tɪmbər]

wood that is used for building and making things

tin

[tɪn]

a type of soft metal

velvet

[vεlvɪt]

soft cloth that is thick on one side; velvet curtains

wax

[wæks]

a solid, slightly shiny substance that is used for making candles (= sticks that you burn for light) and polish for furniture

wire

[waɪər]

a long, thin piece of metal; a wire fence

wood

[wʊd]

the hard material that trees are made of

wool

[wʊl]

a material made from the hair that grows on sheep and on some other animals

ADJECTIVES

hard

[hɑrd]

not easily bent, cut, or broken

man-made

[mæn meɪd]

reated by people, rather than occurring naturally; man-made fibers

natural

[nætʃərəl, nætʃrəl]

existing in nature and not created by people raw [rɔ] used for describing materials or substances that are in their natural state; raw materials

rough

[rʌf]

not smooth or even

smooth

[smuð]

flat, with no rough parts, lumps or holes

soft

[sɔft]

1 pleasant to touch, and not rough or hard 2 changing shape easily when pressed

solid

[sɒlɪd]

1 hard; not like liquid or gas

2 with no holes or space inside; solid rock

synthetic

[sɪnθεtɪk]

made from chemicals or artificial substances rather than from natural ones

transparent

[trænspεərənt, pær-]

used for describing an object or a substance that you can see through

wooden

[wʊdən]

made of wood; a wooden chair

woolen

[wʊlən]

made from wool; a woolen sweater